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Black Labor Force
Black non-institutional labor is becoming obsolete in America.  Millions of jobs have been lost to automation in the U.S.  Automation has decreased the number of manufacturing jobs by 7 million since 1972, thus affecting black male employment significantly (black male work force participation has declined from 74% in 1972 to 61% today).

For centuries, black labor has been free or underpaid in America and around the world, and today even cheaper sources of labor are being exploited.  Millions of jobs now go to green card immigrants.  Fourteen (14) million jobs have been exported due to international outsourcing.  The new and expanding labor pool today is the prison industrial complex.  The number of incarcerated blacks increased from 600,00 in 1980 to 2,300,000 in 2014.  Over 4,100 corporations profit from mass incarceration in the United States, using prison labor to manufacture more than $11 billion in goods and services annually .  Average prison labor rates range from $0.13 to $0.52 per hour.
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